Goel Harms C1-C2 Fusion (Audio)

Thank you for all your support for the the previous video on this technique. I think, it is the most watched (35K+) C1-C2 surgical technique video on Youtube!

It took me 4 years + to give this video a voice over. Please check out the new version. I have also included the surgical technique of the C1 posterior arch screw in this video (4:31).

Surgical applied anatomy of the craniovertebral junction

This presentation was made at the Advanced Cervical Spine Course conducted by Dr. Sandeep Sonone and Dr. Kshitij Chaudhary for the Bombay Orthopaedic Society.

This course is conducted yearly at the KEM Hospital, Mumbai. For more information visit http://bombayorth.org/academics/instructional-courses/

Anterior odontoid screw AAOS Video

Excellent surgical video of anterior odontoid screw fixation published by the AAOS

Indications for an anterior odontoid screw fixation are:

1. Acute Type 2 fracture with favorable​ fracture anatomy
2. Shallow Type 3 fracture with an intact C2 vertebral body
4. Intact Transverse ligament
5. A young​ patient with good bone stock

The video is by doctors Manuel Valencia, Paulina De La Fuente, Selim Abara, Felipe Novoa, Andreas Leiva, Arturo Olid

For an ​in-depth​ review of odontoid fractures click here for a detailed mind map​.

Vertebral artery injury in CVJ surgery

This is a talk on vertebral artery injury and how to tackle it if it happens during craniovertebral surgery.

In brief, the vertebral artery can be injured in two locations:

  1. Extraosseous injury (open space injury): The vertebral artery (VA) is vulnerable to injury above the C1 posterior arch and lateral to the atlantoaxial joints. Sometimes, there is an anomalous course of VA than can get injured. The bleeding tends to be torrential. The quickest way to stop bleeding is by using tamponade for about 20-30 minutes. Endovascular intervention may be required if the bleeding cannot be controlled. Ligation or repair of the VA in this region is technically quite challenging.
  2. Intraosseous injury (in the screw hole): The VA is vulnerable to injury in the C2 pars especially if it has an anomalous course (high riding VA). The bleeding can be controlled by using bone wax and by inserting the screw. The opposite side has to be abandoned to prevent bilateral VA injury. Postoperative angiography may be needed to assess the damage or to detect ongoing bleeding.